Medical Specialties

Medical Specialties

Medicine is one of the most diverse career fields.

Anesthesiology
Anesthesiologists are responsible with the administration and maintenance of pain relief during and after a medical procedure.

Colon & Rectal Surgery
Colon and rectal surgeons treat diseases affecting the intestines, colon, and rectum.

Dermatology
Dermatologists treat skin disorders, as well as those affecting the mouth, hair, and nails.

Emergency Medicine
Emergency medicine physicians provide immediate action in critical care cases. Specialties include toxicology, pediatrics, and sports medicine.

Family Medicine
Family physicians treat a wide variety of disorders for patients of any age, and emphasize preventative and primary care. Some specialize in sports medicine or geriatrics.

Internal Medicine
Internists treat diseases affecting internal organs and systems, such as the heart, blood, ears, kidneys, or vascular system.

Medical Genetics
Geneticists specialize in the treatment of genetic diseases using various testing and intervention methods.

Neurological Surgery/Neurology
Neurological surgeons and neurologists treat disorders relating to the brain and spinal cord, as well as the associated nerves, muscles, and blood vessels.

Nuclear Medicine
Nuclear medicine specialists use radioactive molecules and atoms to help treat disease.

Obstetrics & Gynecology
Obstetricians and gynecologists provide prevention and treatment of female reproductive system disorders and diseases.

Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologists treat, either medically or surgically, disorders of the eye. They also offer general vision services.

Orthopedic Surgery
Orthopedic surgeons work to maintain function of limbs, the spine, and associated muscles through surgical or physical means. Surgeons can specialize in a number of areas, such as pediatrics, spine, sports, or hands.

Otolaryngology
Otolaryngologists provide care of the head and neck and treat disorders of the throat, ears, nose, and respiratory system.

Pathology
Pathologists apply laboratory technique to specimens of body fluid, tissue, and cells to diagnose and monitor disease.

Pediatrics
Pediatrician offer preventative services and treatment of diseases to children from birth to adolescence.

Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Physiatrists work with patients who have physical disabilities and apply pain management and rehabilitation toward a goal of maximum function.

Plastic Surgery
Plastic surgeons use aesthetic surgical means to reconstruct deformities or in the improvement of undesirable cosmetic attributes. Surgeons can specialize in hand or craniofacial surgery.

Preventative Medicine
Preventative medical specialists work toward general prevention and maintenance of good health. They often specialize in public health, general prevention, occupational medicine, or aerospace medicine.

Psychiatry
Psychiatrists offer treatment and prevention methods for emotional, mental, and addictive disorders.

Radiology
Radiologists use x-ray images to diagnose and treat disease. They also use radiant energy to treat diseases such as cancer.

Surgery
General surgeons provide care in all phases of a surgery that may affect any part of the body. They often treat victims of trauma and other critically ill patients.

Thoracic
Thoracic surgeons treat patients with disorders of the chest involving the heart, lungs, esophagus, trachea, and other areas.

Urology
Urologists handle diseases of the male reproductive organs as well as of the male and female urinary tract.

Related Articles